The first floor was set up for security purpose where there was place for keeping swords, bows and arrows and other weapons. On 22 May 1545 A.D., an attempt was made to breach the wall of the fort by artillery. Sher Shah then ordered Puran Mal to be brought before him. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540–1545) Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur dynasty. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Afghan Suri dynasty who ruled from 1540 until the time of his death. This caused great consternation to Maldeo, who immediately (and wrongly) suspected his commanders of disloyalty. , Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah), written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah's administration. Sher Shah Suri: Character and Estimate. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. Sher Shahs oft quoted remark " I had given away the country of Delhi for a handful of millets" is a tribute to the gallantry of Jaita and Kumpa and the willingness of the Rajputs to face death even in the face of impossible odds. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. Born in 1486,he was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. Aslam Rahi is a top name in the history of Urdu novels. , In 1543, Sher Shah Suri with a huge force of 80,000 cavalry set out against Maldeo Rathore (a Rajput king of Marwar). Maldeo Rathore with an army of 50,000 cavalry advanced to face Sher Shah's army.  Shergarh is one of the prime examples, representing a deserted town with a fort in ruins, which, in old times, used to be a thriving place where Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed peacefully. He was a distant kinsman to Babur's brother-in-law, Mir Shah Jamal, who remained loyal to Humayun.  Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that he destroyed Siri. This can be evidently derived from the various inscriptions found in the area. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Farid replied in a letter: If my father wants me back to instruct me in learning, there are in this city many learned men: I will study here. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. Born as one of the several sons of a horse breeder, he grew up to be a brave young man with an ambitious and adventurous spirit. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. Both the silver rupee and copper dam had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. While the term rūpya had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rūpee came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee. In the ensuing battle of Sammel (also known as battle of Giri Sumel), Sher Shah emerged victorious, but several of his generals lost their lives and his army suffered heavy losses.  Rupee is today used as the national currency in India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka among other countries. Maldeo left for Jodhpur with his own men, abandoning his commanders to their fate. Meanwhile his father died and he took possession of his paternal jagir. In order to make taxation system simple, he abolished all the duties on the goods except two. His was an enlightened despotism.  As with theologians and court officials of Delhi Sultanate, his advisors counseled in favor of religious violence. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. ], for example, counseled, "There is nothing equal to a religious war against the infidels. 9< > Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. Caravanserais (inns), temples and mosques were built and trees were planted along the entire stretch on both sides of the road to provide shade to travelers. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. He … Upon reminding them of his pledge to safeguard Puran Mal, they told him to consult his ulema. It led to an explosion in which Sher Shah was seriously burnt. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Paisa were also minted by his government. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. An aggressive personality, Sher Khan developed difference with Bahar Khan and left his services to join Babur’s camp in 1527-28. He also established an efficient postal system, with mail being carried by relays of horse riders. The consensus of opinion among modern scholars is that he was born in Narnaul in 1486 or so, during the reign of Bahlol Lodi. , The system of tri-metalism which came to characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. As an excuse for the treachery, Sher Shah claimed it as a revenge for enslavement of Muslim women and that he had once, when seriously ill, pledged to wipe out the Rajputs of Raisen. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. I trust in your kindness to appease him, and send him back; but if refusing to listen to you, he will not return, I trust you will keep him with you, for I wish him to be instructed in religious and polite learning.. with his son Hasan Khán, the father of Sher Sháh, came to Hindu-stán from Afghánistán, from a place which is called in the Afghán tongue "Shargarí,"* but in the Multán tongue "Rohrí." Published: October 10, 2015. Instead of marching to the enemy's capital Sher Shah halted in the village of Sammel in the pargana of Jaitaran, ninety kilometres east of Jodhpur. Sher Shah Sur married Lad Malika, widow of Taj Khan, governor of Chunar. "Táríkh-i Sher Sháhí; or, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání. Sher Shah was responsible for greatly rebuilding and modernizing the Grand Trunk Road, a major artery which runs all the way from modern day Bangladesh to Afghanistan. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.” Law and order: The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Farid Khan and his father, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar, who had several wives, did not get along for a while so he decided to run away from home. Sher Shah Suri was killed in a freak accident during the siege of Kalinjar fort on 13 May 1545. , Lal Darwaza, the southern gate of Shergarh, Qila-i-Kuhna mosque, built by Sher Shah in 1541, Sher Mandal built in his honour by the Mughals, Founder of the Suri Empire in India (1486-1545), Sketch of Sher Shah Suri by Afghan artist. After the death of Bahar Khan, Sher Khan became the regent ruler of the minor Sultan, Jalal Khan. ABOUT SHER SHAH SURI Born in 1484 in Sasaram, Bihar Real name – Farid khan Father – Hasan khan suri Spouse – Rani khan Founder of suri empire in north India Reign – 1540-1545 Died in 1545 in Kalinjar fort, Bundelkhand Burial – Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram, Bihar 3. He also built several monuments including Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque at Purana Qila, Delhi. Book Name: Sher Shah Suri Novel Writer: Muhammad Aslam Rahi MA Description: Aslam Rahi MA is the author of the book Sher Shah Suri Novel Pdf. Only a few women and children survived. CHAPTER I. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and By 1540, Sher Shah had managed to drive out all his enemies from Bengal, Bihar, and the Punjab. Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. Sherish’s childhood name was Fareed. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. Sher Shah Suri took steps to issue a large number of new silver coins which, subsequently, became known as dam. He took control of the Mughal Empire and founded the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. The confrontations between Sher Shah and Humayun continued as Humayun retried to capture lost territories and the men faced each other again at Kannauj in May 1540. Sher Shah was once again successful in defeating Humayun who was forced to flee India. Here, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Administration of Sher Shah Suri, which will concretise the readings of the aspirants. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. Sher Shah Suri rebuilt the Grand Trunk road, which existed during the Maurya Empire, extending from the mouth of the Ganges to the north-western frontier of the Empire. Wells were also dug, especially along the western section. He returned to Bihar after the death of Bahar Khan and became the governor. In this seven years of his reign he never lost a battle. ", According to Mughal historian Badauni, Sher Shahs use of elephant troops helped him defeat the rajput army. 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